Cart 0

Quilting Glossary

FRONT PANELS
These are the panels, also called blocks, that make up the front layer of the quilt.  These panels can be made of prints or solid colors. A front layer can be made from anywhere from a single panel or several panels to create a more intricate quilt design. 
QUILT PATTERN
The design of how the front panels come together.  
BATTING
This is the fluffy layer of the quilt that gives a quilt its thickness and warmth. 
QUILT SANDWICH
The 3 layers of fabric where your batting is sandwiched between the front layer and backer.
QUILTING FABRICS
While cotton is most commonly used for quilting, quilting fabrics are specially designed to be colorfast, preshrunk  and have a weave appropriate for the quilting process.
BASTING
This is the process of adhering the layers of a quilt sandwich together so that it can then be sewn and quilted together.  There are a variety of methods that work for basting such as gluing, pinning, or using fusible. 
QUILTING
The process of sewing two or more layers of fabric together to create thicker, typically padded, layered fabrics. 
QUILT BINDING
Once a quilt sandwich is quilted, quilt binding is the process of finishing the edges so that raw edges of the fabrics are not exposed.
BIAS
Bias is a type of quilt binding that is created from strips of fabric that have been cut at a diagonal to the grain of the fabric.  This special diagonal cut gives the bias its strength and flexibility.
FUSIBLES
Fusibles are non-woven fabrics with special heat-activated adhesive properties.  When a fusible material is ironed it typically sticks on either one or both sides of the fusible fabric to another fabric that it is ironed onto.  In quilting, this can be useful for temporarily adhering fabrics.